Surajpur is an excellent example of an urban wetland in Yamuna river basin and forms suitable breeding ground for waterfowl such as spot-billed duck, lesser-whistling duck, cotton pygmy goose and comb duck and wintering waterfowl such as red-crested pochard, ferruginous pochard, bar-headed goose, greylag goose, common teal, northern shoveler and gadwall.
The wetland sets a unique example of protection and conservation of biodiversity close to urban areas. Surajpur wetland is situated near Surajpur village in Dadri tehsil of district Gautam Budh Nagar, Uttar Pradesh. This Lake is located 800m from Delhi-Noida-Dadri road and 6km from Dadri railway station of Uttar Pradesh.
Surajpur wetland represents the mosaic of habitats supporting diverse threatened flora and fauna which forms an ideal indicator of measure of biodiversity. The wetland supports remarkable heronry of birds like Asian openbill stork, white-necked stork, black-crowned night heron and black-headed ibis.
Significantly, the wetland also supports the breeding of some rare birds like bristled grassbird, black-necked stork and sarus crane in Delhi NCR.
Apart from large population of avifauna, the wetland also supports six species of mammals includes nilgai, Indian grey mongoose, Indian hare, golden jackal and five-striped squirrel, 15 species of fishes, 11 species of herpeto-fauna, 52 species of butterflies and More than 220 species of plants recorded including 155 species of herbs, 11 species of shrubs, 36 species of trees and 18 species of herbaceous climbers.
In 2014 the State Government planned to convert this wetland into an eco-park. The plan was made in such that if executed, much of the wetlands would have been lost. Environmentalists contended that construction work and human intervention inside the wetland would affect the ecology. Environmentalist Vikrant Tongad (founder of SAFE, www.safegreen.in) filed a plea in the National Green Tribunal (NGT) objecting to development projects inside the sanctuary. NGT on June 3, 2016 stayed construction inside the wetland and sought reports from the state government and the Centre on the issue.
Due to urbanization in the catchment area of the wetland, water channel was disturbed and the wetland got dry.
Then Vikrant Tongad and Ramveer Tanwar fought to connect the water channel through irrigation drain channels, so that the migratory birds who visited the place regularly would not stay away or die due to lack of sufficient food and water. Finally, they won the case and now sufficient water for birds are available. Water hyacinth removal work is done from time to time so more and more migratory birds can visit.
To support and sustain such campaigns, it is important for tourists to visit this place. Local arrangements like picking from nearest metro station and drop, lunch, visit to nearby village etc can be arranged. For more details, please contact Ramveer: firstname.lastname@example.org
How to Reach
By Air: Nearest Airport is New Delhi.
By Train: Nearest railway station is Dadri.
By Road: Nearest bus stand is Noida.
There are a lot of hotels for stay in Noida and Greater Noida.