Bagru is known for natural dyes and hand block printing. Bagru is the place of Raiger and Chhipa community (Rajasthan, Western India). Chhipa community people who are involved in this printing tradition since 100 years ago and also Raiger community people are involved in processing and manufacturing of leather and their products (like boots, mochdi, Rajasthani jhutee and other leather goods). The Raiger community export raw leather (semi processed) to big leather companies and also sell in local market (Hatwara, Jaipur).
Bagru is also known for Natural dyeing, Indigo Dyeing and Wooden hand Block Printing over textile articles. Bagru is a small village, located at a distance of 30 km from Jaipur, on Jaipur-Ajmer Road. The village town of Bagru is not popular for any palace or fort, but for its typical wooden prints. These prints of Bagru are acclaimed all over India and are particularly known as Bagru prints.
The prints of Bagru, unlike other prints, involve a different kind of printing. The unique method for printing employs wooden block in it. In the process, the desired design is engraved on the wooden block first and then the carved block is used for replicating the design in the preferred color on the fabric. Chippa Mohalla (printer’s quarter) is the area for those who are interested in textile printing. One can walk into the quarter, where people are always engrossed with dyes and blocks.
The three-centuries-old tradition of block printing is kept alive with the efforts of Bagru artisans. Keeping the convention, these artisans smear the cloth with Fuller’s earth procured from the riverside and then dip it in turmeric water to get the habitual cream color background. After that, they stamp the cloth with beautiful designs using natural dyes of earthly shades.
As a matter of fact, Bagru prints are more famous for their exceptional quality of being eco-friendly. Even today, artisans use traditional vegetable dyes for printing the cloth. Like, the color blue is made from indigo, greens out of indigo mixed with pomegranate, red from madder root and yellow from turmeric. Usually Bagru prints have ethnic floral patterns in natural colors. Bagru prints form the essential part of the block printing industry of Rajasthan. The village fabricates some of the fabulous bed covers and other materials.
The brilliance of the craft has located this small village of Bagru near Jaipur on the map of International fashion. Rajasthan block printing recognition gets complete, with the amalgamation of Bagru printing in it. The village of Bagru will be definitely a treat for craft lovers and one must visit the place to acknowledge the tradition of former centuries. Bagru prints have already marked their name in the fashion industry. For those who are crazy about textile printing or wooden or block printing, this craft centre is one which is worth exploring.
How To Reach
Bagru is a small village located 35 kilometers south west of Jaipur on the Jaipur-Ajmer road, NH8. There are frequent buses plying between Bagru and Jaipur that can be availed or you can hire a taxi from Jaipur to Bagru. The closest airport to Bagru is the Sanganeer Airport, Jaipur. Bagru is well connected by rail as Jaipur railway station is approximately 30-34 kilometers away. Another alternative is a small railway station namely Durgapura which is approximately the same distance from Bagru.
The Best Time To Visit
The cool months of October to March are the best time to visit Bagru in Rajasthan.
Bagru prints have already marked their name in the fashion industry. For those who are crazy about textile printing or wooden or block printing, this craft centre is one which is worth exploring.